Skip to content

How does Brexit affect you?

 

The United Kingdom’s (UK) decision to leave the EU means that the UK will no longer be an EU Member State and that EU legislation on the free movement of persons will no longer apply in the country. Accordingly, Danish citizens living in the UK will no longer be able to reside there on the basis of EU-rules on free movement. This also applies to British citizens living in Denmark who – after Brexit – will no longer be EU citizens. From the outset of the negotiations regarding the UK’s withdrawal, the EU – and Denmark – have prioritized the issue of citizens’ rights. The aim has been to ensure clear and transparent terms for Danish citizens living in the UK and for British citizens living in Denmark.

In November, the British government and the EU agreed on a Withdrawal Agreement, which secures terms for EU citizens in the UK and for British citizens in the EU. For general questions and answers regarding the Withdrawal Agreement, you can visit the Commissions Q/A here. However, both the British Parliament and the European Parliament must approve the Withdrawal Agreement in its entirety for it to apply when the UK leaves the EU. If the Withdrawal Agreement is not approved, the agreement - including the chapter on citizens’ rights - will not apply.

In that case, the UK will leave the EU without an agreement (the so-called ‘no deal’-scenario’).
 

What will happen in a no deal-scenario?

The risk of a no deal-scenario is a source of great concern for British citizens in Denmark and for Danish citizens in the UK alike.

It is a clear priority for the Danish government to ensure that British citizens who have chosen to live in Denmark are treated fairly.

Consequently, the Danish Parliament has adopted a legislative proposal, which will establish a temporary transitional scheme in the event of a no deal-scenario. The Danish Brexit Act extends existing EU-rights for a transitional period for all British citizens and their family members, who are legally residing in Denmark on the withdrawal date. Under the temporary transitional scheme, resident British citizens and their families will continue to reside, work, attend school, and access health care provisions much as they have done as EU citizens. The temporary transitional scheme will apply until replaced by a permanent solution. The act only applies to British citizens already resident in Denmark on the time of the UK’s withdrawal. British citizens arriving after this date will be treated as third country nationals. However, regarding social pension it is only a condition, that the citizen in question has acquired the right to social pension before the withdrawal date.

You can read more about the temporary transitional scheme on the website of the Ministry of Immigration and Integration.

For general questions and answers regarding the no deal-scenario, please visit the European Commission’s Q&A here.

 

British citizens in Denmark

Denmark greatly appreciates the British citizens who have chosen to live in Denmark and contribute to the Danish society.

The Withdrawal Agreement (the deal scenario)

Citizens’ rights constitute a central part of the Withdrawal Agreement. If the British Parliament approves the Withdrawal Agreement, it will regulate your rights as a British citizen residing in Denmark. If the British Parliament do not approve the Withdrawal Agreement, the UK will leave the EU without an agreement (a ‘no deal’-scenario – see more below) on 31 October 2019.

You can read more about how the Withdrawal Agreement might affect you on the website of the Ministry of Immigration and Integration. You can also read more on the European Commission’s website.

 

Right to residence

If the British Parliament approves the Withdrawal Agreement, British citizens and their families will continue to have a right of residence in Denmark, provided they have been legally residing in Denmark prior to the UK’s withdrawal from the EU. Furthermore, the Withdrawal Agreement will establish a transitional period from the exit date to 31 December 2020 with a possible extension of one or two years. The transitional period implies that all British citizens who reside legally in an EU Member State before the end of the period will be covered by the Withdrawal Agreement. Accordingly, British citizens and their family members will be able to exercise the right of free movement and take up residence in another EU Member State during the transitional period.

 

Right to cash benefits

If the British Parliament and the European Parliament approve the Withdrawal Agreement, your rights as a British citizen to social benefits remain unchanged as if you were still an EU citizen. This also applies to future events. If, for instance, you become unemployed after the UK has left the EU, your right to unemployment benefits will be the same as that of EU citizens. If you receive sickness benefits, you can reside in the UK in accordance with the rules that apply for EU citizens.

 

Right to social service benefits and daycare 

In order to be entitled to social services a person must legally reside in Denmark. Services can include assistance to vulnerable children and adults, compensation to persons with disabilities and practical support for elderly persons. All persons who are legally residing in Denmark are entitled to services under the Day-Care Facilities Act. The Withdrawal Agreement does not affect these rights.

You can read more about social service benefits and day care on the website of the Ministry for Children and Social Affairs as well as the Ministry of Health

 

Right to healthcare benefits

If the British Parliament and the European Parliament approve the Withdrawal Agreement, your rights to Danish healthcare benefits remain unchanged as if you were still an EU citizen.

 

Student rights

If the British Parliament and the European Parliament approve the Withdrawal Agreement, your rights as a student in Denmark remain unchanged as if you were still an EU citizen during the transitional period set out in the agreement.

 

Access to regulated professions

If the British Parliament and the European Parliament approve the Withdrawal Agreement, your rights regarding access to regulated professions will remain unchanged as if you were still an EU citizen during the transitional period set out in the agreement.

 

What happens in a no deal-scenario?

Right to residence

If the Withdrawal Agreement is not approved, British citizens in Denmark will be considered third country nationals. However, to ensure that British citizens already resident in Denmark on the exit day can continue living their lives much like before, the Danish Parliament has adopted legislation that establishes a temporary transitional scheme regarding citizens’ rights. The Danish Brexit Act extends existing EU-rights on residence for a transitional period for all British citizens and their family members, who are legally residing in Denmark on the withdrawal date. The Danish Brexit Act will only enter into force if the UK leaves the EU without an agreement.

With a few exceptions, the Danish Brexit Act extends all existing rights under EU rules on free movement. This includes rights to cash benefits, access to higher education and healthcare. This only applies to British nationals already resident in Denmark on the exit day. British citizens arriving after this date will be treated as third country nationals.

The temporary transitional scheme will apply until replaced by a permanent solution. The Danish government will continue its work on a permanent solution for British citizens after Brexit.

You can read more about legal residence following a no deal-Brexit on the website of the Ministry of Immigration and Integration.

If you are a British citizen or a family member of a British citizen residing in Denmark without being in possession of an EU registration certificate (certificate in the format of a letter issued to EU citizens) or an EU residence card (residence card issued to third country nationals in the format of a credit card), or without having applied yet, you are encouraged to submit an application for such documentation before the withdrawal date. This will make it easier for you to prove that you have a right of residence, and for Danish authorities to determine that you are residing legally in Denmark on the withdrawal date.

Applications for registration certificates and residence cards are submitted to the Agency for International Recruitment and Integration.

You may apply for EU registration certificates and EU residence cards after the withdrawal date. However, you must be able to prove that you had a right of residence in accordance with the “EU-Residence Order” on the withdrawal date. You can read more on the EU rules on right of residence on the Agency for International Recruitment and Integration’s website.

It should be stressed that your right of residence is not lost if you have not been issued with one of the documents mentioned above. Your right of residence is not dependent on the documents.

You can read more about the EU registration certificate and the application process at the Agency or International Recruitment and Integration’s website.

 

Right to cash benefits

In a no deal-scenario, the Danish Brexit Act will extend the rights under EU law for British citizens and their family members, who are legally residing in Denmark on the withdrawal date. However, regarding social pension, it is only a condition that the citizen in question has earned the right to social pension before the withdrawal date. This means that when a Danish law requires that a person has lived in Denmark for a certain period for them to be entitled to a benefit, British citizens and their family members can include periods of residence in the UK and other EU countries. This principle applies to EU citizens according to EU law and will be carried forward for British citizens as well during the transitional period.

In addition to periods of residence, some laws require membership of an unemployment insurance fund for a certain period (insurance period) or completed periods of employment before a citizen can obtain the right to certain benefits. The same principle of right to aggregate periods from the UK and other EU countries will apply to those periods. This only applies to periods in the UK and EU countries before the withdrawal date. However, family members who permanently reside in the UK as of the exit date and arrive in Denmark later may include periods until the date of arrival.

You can read more about the right to cash benefits on the website of the Danish Agency for Labour Market and Recruitment.

 

Right to social service benefits and daycare

In order to be entitled to social services a person must legally reside in Denmark. Services can include assistance to vulnerable children and adults, compensation to persons with disabilities and practical support for elderly persons. All persons who are legally resident in Denmark are entitled to services under the Day-Care Facilities Act.

In case of a no deal-Brexit, British citizens will as a rule be considered third country nationals. However, the Act on Social Services does not distinguish between EU-citizen and third country nationals. All British citizens, who are legally residing in Denmark, will have the same rights to social service benefits as before Brexit. The same applies to the Day-Care Facilities Act, under which all parents who legally reside in Denmark are entitled to services.

The sole exemption is subsidies for minding your own children. Only parents who have resided in Denmark for at least seven of the past eight years and have sufficient Danish language skills are entitled to this subsidy. EU-citizens are exempt from these requirements. Under the Danish transitional scheme, all British citizens who are legally residing in Denmark at the time of withdrawal will continue to be exempt as if they were still EU citizens. However, this exemption does not cover British citizens who move to Denmark after Brexit.


Right to healthcare benefits  

All residents in Denmark have access to the public healthcare system. You are a resident when you are registered in the Civil Registration System (CPR). If you are a British citizen residing in Denmark, you will have access to the public healthcare system in Denmark. This will also be the case after a no deal-Brexit.

If you are a British worker employed in Denmark, but you do not reside here, you and your co-insured family members have a right to public healthcare benefits in Denmark.

If you are a frontier worker, who do not reside in Denmark, but you are employed here and you return to another EU Member State at least once a week, you have a right to public healthcare benefits in Denmark. Co-insured family members of a frontier worker will have limited access to public health care benefits.

If you are a British citizen temporarily staying in Denmark after Brexit or if you are a frontier worker after Brexit, you will be considered a third country national and will therefore only have the right to acute treatment during your stay in Denmark.

You can read more about your rights to healthcare benefits at the Danish Patient Safety Authority here.

 

Student rights

In a no deal-scenario, the Danish Brexit Act will extend your existing EU rights as a student in Denmark for a transitional period. The act will apply to British citizens and their family members, who are legally residing in Denmark at the time of withdrawal. The act will also apply to frontier workers who work in Denmark on the withdrawal date while residing in another EU/EEA-country. The act will be put in effect if the UK leaves the EU without an agreement and will apply until replaced by a permanent solution.

The Danish Brexit Act will secure your student rights according to EU law during a transitional period, meaning you will have the same access to the Danish higher educational system as EU citizens. You will only have to pay tuition fees for education in Denmark where EU and EEA citizens pay tuition fees.

You will also have the same access to Danish student grants for education in Denmark and abroad as EU and EEA citizens.

If by the time of the UK’s withdrawal from the EU you have already been granted Danish student grants for education in Denmark or abroad, you will continue to be eligible for Danish student grants for that specific study programme you have been granted Danish student grants to as long as you continue to meet the required conditions.

You can read more about student rights according to EU law on the website of the Ministry of Higher Education and Science and on www.su.dk.

 

Access to primary and secondary education including vocational educational training

In a no deal-scenario, the Danish Brexit Act will maintain most existing EU-rights regarding access to education for British citizens and their family members resident in Denmark at the time of withdrawal for a transitional period.

In terms of vocational education and training, the act extends your rights with regard to state subsidies including wage subsidies as well as financial support for vocational students.

In terms of primary and secondary schools, the act extends your rights with regard to state subsidies (free elementary schools, secondary schools and free vocational schools) as well as the right to mother-tongue teaching (primary and lower secondary schools).

You can read more on the website of the Ministry of Education [only in Danish].

 

Access to regulated professions

In a no deal-scenario, the Danish Brexit Act will extend most of the existing EU-rights for British citizens residing in Denmark regarding access to regulated professions for a transitional period.

If by the time of the UK’s withdrawal from the EU you have already been granted permanent authorization to practice a regulated profession in Denmark based on qualifications from the UK, you will keep your authorization.

After the withdrawal date, you can still apply for access to a regulated profession in Denmark according to EU law based on qualifications from the UK, achieved before the withdrawal date.

If by the time of the UK’s withdrawal from the EU you are providing a service on a temporary basis in Denmark based on qualifications from the UK, you will be able to finish the temporary service in Denmark. After the withdrawal date, you will no longer be able to provide new services on a temporary basis in Denmark on the basis of EU law.

You can read more about access to regulated professions on the website of the Ministry of Higher Education and Science.

 

 

Rights to cash benefits in Denmark for Danish and other EU citizens residing in the United Kingdom who return to Denmark 

The Withdrawal Agreement (the deal-scenario)

If the British Parliament approves the Withdrawal Agreement, your rights to cash benefits will remain unchanged. This also applies to future events.

What happens in a no deal-scenario?

Like British citizens already residing in Denmark on the withdrawal date, Danish and other EU citizens who reside or work in the UK on the withdrawal date will be entitled to have their insurance-, residence- and employment periods from the UK taken into account when assessing their eligibility for benefits in Denmark.

This also applies to periods after the withdrawal date for Danish and other EU citizens who return to Denmark after this date. They will be treated as if they returned from an EU Member State when determining their right to social assistance and advance payments of child support.

 

Rights to Danish benefits for British, Danish and other EU citizens in the United Kingdom and to British citizens in the EU (export of benefits from Denmark)

The Withdrawal Agreement (the deal-scenario)

If the British Parliament approves the Withdrawal Agreement, your rights to cash benefits will remain unchanged. This also applies to future events.

What happens in a no deal-scenario?

Whether there is a right to continued disbursement of Danish benefits after the UK’s withdrawal from the EU for British, Danish and other EU citizens in the UK, and British citizens in the EU, depends on the benefit in question.

Since there will be no free movement of citizens between Denmark and the UK or coordination on social security according to EU rules after the British withdrawal, Denmark cannot unilaterally extend all existing rights to benefits from Denmark.

Persons who currently enjoy Danish pension, invalidity pension or pre-retirement benefit in the UK according to EU law will retain their eligibility to the same benefit. The same applies to British citizens in the EU.

Danish, British and EU citizens who have acquired rights, fully or partly, to Danish pensions by the time of withdrawal, retain their right to ear further rights to Danish pension, be granted and receive old-age pension and disability pension as is the UK remained a member of the EU.

You can read more on the website of the Ministry of Employment.

 

Voting rights and eligibility for municipal and regional elections and European Parliament elections in Denmark

Regardless of whether the UK leaves the EU with or without a deal Brexit will affect the right of British citizens to vote and stand for municipal and regional elections and European Parliament elections in Denmark.

The Danish Parliament has adopted legislation that establishes a temporary transitional scheme regarding electoral rights for British citizens living in Denmark. The transitional scheme will enter into force when the UK leaves the EU.

The transitional scheme extends the current rules on EU citizens' right to vote and stand for election in municipal and regional elections and European Parliament elections in Denmark for those British citizens who on the withdrawal date and since then have been permanently residing in Denmark.

Here you can read more about how Brexit affects your right to vote and stand for municipal and regional elections and European Parliament elections in Denmark as a resident British citizen.

 
The information provided on this website (including any and all subpages) is not necessarily comprehensive, complete or updated and does not constitute and cannot replace legal advice. The Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Denmark does not assume responsibility or liability for damages or losses which, directly or indirectly, are related to the use of the contained information.

 

Frequently asked questions:

Show all content
Hide all content

Do I need a visa to go on holiday to Denmark after the withdrawal date when I am a British citizen?

set title

No, British citizens do not need a visa for short stays (up to three months) in the EU and Denmark in a no deal-Brexit.

Do I need private health insurance if I am going on holiday to Denmark after the withdrawal date when I am a British citizen?

If you get ill during a temporary stay or holiday to Denmark, you have the right to urgent and continued hospital treatment in a public hospital. If you require treatment beyond this, you must seek treatment from a private healthcare provider at your own expense – possibly through private travel insurance.

However, if you are a co-insured family member of an EU/EEA or Swiss national and you are living in an EU/EEA country or Switzerland, then you have the right to treatment that becomes medically necessary during your stay in Denmark.

Read more about your right to healthcare services in case of a no-deal Brexit.

Can I remain resident in Denmark after Brexit, when I am a British citizen living here since before the withdrawal date?

set title

British citizens and family members resident in Denmark on the day of withdrawal may continue to reside and work in Denmark after Brexit. However, it is a prerequisite that on the day of withdrawal, they have the right to residency in accordance with the EU Residence Order and that they continue to meet these conditions. This applies temporarily until a permanent solution is in place.

BREXIT: How does it affect you as a British citizen living in Denmark? (Ministry of Immigration and Integration)

This area is regulated by the Brexit Act, which extends existing EU-rights for British citizens and their family members for a transitional period.

What will I need to do now, if I am a British citizen living in Denmark since before the withdrawal date?

set title

You do not need to do anything right now if you, as a resident British citizen or family member of a resident British citizen, have one of the following:
o An EU registration certificate or residence card, which confirms your right of residence in Denmark under the EU Residence Order.
o An older residence document, which confirms your right of residence in Denmark under the EU rules on free movement issued to a citizen of an EC Member State.

If you do not already have an EU registration certificate or a residence card and you have not applied for it, you should do so through the Agency for International Recruitment and Integration before the withdrawal date. This will make it easier for you to document that you have the right to stay in Denmark. The same applies if you are entitled to permanent residence in accordance with the EU rules.

Read more about application and documentation at the Agency for International Recruitment and Integration’s website.

This area is regulated by the Brexit Act, which extends existing EU-rights for British citizens and their family members for a transitional period.

Am I still eligible for social benefits as a British citizen living in Denmark since before the withdrawal date?

set title

Virtually all existing rights to social benefits will continue temporarily for resident British nationals and their family members after the withdrawal date.

Read about the Danish transitional scheme for social benefits in case of a Brexit without agreement (Ministry of Employment)

General information and guidance on social benefits (Danish Agency for Labour Market and Recruitment)

This area is regulated by the Brexit Act, which extends existing EU-rights for British citizens and their family members for a transitional period.

Am I still eligible for student support as a British citizen living in Denmark since before the withdrawal date?

set title

After Brexit, you will have the same access to Danish student grants for education in Denmark and abroad as EU and EEA citizens. This applies to British citizens and their family members, who at the time of the UK’s withdrawal from the EU are residing in Denmark in accordance with EU-rules on free movement, and for as long as you meet the conditions. You will also have the same access to the Danish higher educational system as EU and EEA citizens. You will only have to pay tuition fees for education in Denmark where EU and EEA citizens pay tuition fees.

Read how Brexit will affect your rights within the area of higher education and science (Ministry of Higher Education and Science).

This area is regulated by the Brexit Act, which extends existing EU-rights for British citizens and their family members for a transitional period.

Am I still eligible for family reunification, as a British citizen living in Denmark since before the withdrawal date?

set title

British citizens legally residing in Denmark before the withdrawal date will still be able to apply for family reunification with family members under the rules that apply to EU citizens today. This requires that you have established a family life before the withdrawal date. If you establish a family life after the withdrawal date, the Danish Aliens Act applies.

BREXIT: How does it affect you as a British citizen living in Denmark? (Ministry of Immigration and Integration).

Read more about the Danish rules for family reunification (The Danish Immigration Service).

This area is regulated by the Brexit Act, which extends existing EU-rights for British citizens and their family members for a transitional period.

Will I have to exchange my UK driving license, when I am British and resident in Denmark since before the withdrawal date?

set title

It is not yet decided whether you need to exchange your UK driving license for a Danish license before Brexit in order to be able to drive in the EU. You should therefore consider whether you would exchange your UK driving license for a Danish before the withdrawal date to be on the safe side.

Read more questions and answers about traffic and driving licenses (The Traffic, Construction and Housing Authority – text in Danish).

Contact

Questions regarding the right to residence following EU rules
The Agency for International Recruitment and Integration
Njalsgade 72C
2300 København S
www.nyidanmark.dk/en-GB/Contact-us/Contact-SIRI
Phone: +45 72 14 20 04

Questions regarding residence following the withdrawal agreement and citizenship
The Ministry of Immigration and Integration
Slotsholmsgade 10
1216 København K
www.uim.dk/brexit
brexit@uim.dk

Questions regarding cash benefits
Danish Agency for Labour Market and Recruitment
Njalsgade 72A
2300 København S
www.star.dk
star@star.dk

Questions regarding the right to service benefits and daycare
The Ministry for Children and Social Affairs
Holmens Kanal 22
1060 København K
www.socialministeriet.dk
sm@sm.dk

Questions regarding the right to healthcare benefits
The Ministry of Health
Holbergsgade 6
1057 København K
www.sum.dk
sum@sum.dk

Questions regarding new applications for acquisition of real property in Denmark
Civilstyrelsen
Toldboden 2, 2. Sal
8800 Viborg
www.civilstyrelsen.dk
civilstyrelsen@civilstyrelsen.dk

Show all content
Hide all content

Contact

Udenrigsministeriet
Asiatisk Plads 2
1448 København K
brexitinfo@um.dk

 

If you have questions about residence rights, you may contact the Ministry of Immigration and Integration at brexit@uim.dk